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  • Krishna Shenoy, the founder of the Neural Prosthetics Systems lab, passed away on January 21 after a decade-long struggle with pancreatic cancer. His legacy continues on in the work being done in the Neural Prosthetics Translational Lab
  • Krishna elected to be an IEEE Fellow (11/21/22) with the citation:
    • For contributions to cortical control of movement and brain-computer interfaces


  • Krishna elected to the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) with the citation:
    • For making seminal contributions both to basic neuroscience and to translational and clinical research. His work has shown how networks of motor cortical neurons operate as dynamical systems, and he has developed new technologies to provide new means of restoring movement and communication to people with paralysis.
    • Kim L (10/17/22) Six (Stanford) professors elected to the National Academy of Medicine. Stanford Report, Stanford University
  • Sammy Kuo Award in Neuroscience, Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute, Stanford University.
    • 1st place prize for Graduate Student Publication by Dr. Xulu Sun and
    • 2nd place prize for Postdoc Publication by Dr. Daniel O'Shea for their paper:
    • Sun X*, O'Shea DJ*, Golub MD, Trautmann EM, Vyas S, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2022) Cortical preparatory activity indexes learned motor memories. Nature. 602:274–279. pdf url
  • "The Annual BCI Award for the World's Most Innovative Brain-Computer Interface Project,"

    • 2nd place prize to​​​​​​ Dr. Frank R. Willett on behalf of the authors on the (as of yet) unpublished research project:

    • Willett FR, Fan C, Kunz E, Avansino DT, Kamdar F, Hochberg LR, Shenoy KV, Henderson JM (2022) A high-performance intracortical speech BCI. Unpublished, manuscript in preparation.

    • YouTube 3-minute video from this competitive series of BCI talks

  • Jabr F (2022) The man who controls computers with his mind. New York Times Magazine. url cover-image
  • Drew L (2022) The brain-reading devices helping paralyzed people to move, talk and touch. Sub-title: implants are becoming more sophisticated and are attracting commercial interest. Nature. News Feature. url
  • Singer E (2022) Cracking the neural code in humans. Simons Collaboration on the Global Brain (SCBG)url
  • Ladyzhets B & Singer E (2022) Analysis of more than 10 years’ worth of abstracts from the annual Cosyne meeting highlights research trends in systems and computational neuroscience. Simons Collaboration on the Global Brain (SCBG). url
    • The Simons Collaboration on the Global Brain (SCBG) launched in 2014 with the goal of studying populations of neurons at single-cell resolution. To explore research trends in areas that are important to the SCGB, we analyzed the frequency of selected keywords appearing in abstracts from the Computational and Systems Neuroscience (Cosyne) conference from 2010 to 2021.
    • Simons Dynamics Chart
      Population Dynamics. Frequency of selected keywords at Cosyne.
  • Barker H (2022) Probe captures Neuronal conversations in people. Spectrum | Autism Research News. pdf url
Artistic illustration of a Neuropixel probe and neurons. Photo credit Dr. Angelique Paulk.
  • McCullough M (2022) The use of Neuropixels probes in humans. BrainPost. url


  • Regalado A (2021) A computer mouse inside your head. MIT Technology Review. Nov/Dec 2021 issue: 28-35. pdf url
  • Handwriting BCITencent WE Summit, 2021
  • Trautmann EM*, O'Shea DJ*, Sun X*, et al. (2021) Nature Communications paper reporting the first 2 photon GCaMP Imaging and all-optical BCI in reaching rhesus macaques and first CLARITY reconstruction with registration to functionally recorded neurons in rhesus monkeys

    • Nature Comm Editor's Highlights url
    • 50 MB pdf and 13 MB Adobe reduced filesize pdf bundle with all materials
    • Main paper pdf url
    • Supplementary information pdf url
    • Description of additional supplementary files pdf url
    • Peer review file pdf url
    • Supplementary Movie 1 - Example dendrite imaging mp4 url
    • Supplementary Movie 2 - real-time decode of reach behavior using 2P imaging mp4 url
    • Supplementary Movie 3 - CLARITY imaging of tissue volume mp4 url
    • Supplementary data 1 xlxs url
    • Reporting summary. pdf url
    • Canfield RA, Orsborn AL, Horwitz GD (2021) Windows and periscopes into primate behavior. Cell Reports. 36:1-2. pdf url
    • Matsuzaki M, Ebina T (2021) Optical deep-cortex exploration in behaving rhesus macaques. Nature Communications. 12:4656. pdf url
    • Nassi* JJ, Trautmann* EM (2021) A deeper dive with photons. Technical Report #02, Version 1.1. Stanford Digital Repository (SDR), Stanford University. doi url
    • Bollimunta* A, Santacruz* SR, Eaton RW, Xu PS, Morrison JH, Moxon KA, Carmena** JM, Nassi** JJ (2021) Head-mounted microendoscopic calcium imaging in dorsal premotor cortex of behaving rhesus macaque. Cell Reports. 35(11). pdf supp_mats url
    • O'Shea DJ*, Trautmann EM*, Sun X*, Marshel JH, Crow A, Hsueh B, Vesuna S, Cofer L, Bohner G, Allen W, Kauvar I, Quirin S, MacDougall M, Chen Y, Whitmire M, Ramakrishnan C, Sahani M, Seidemann E, Ryu SI, Deisseroth K**, Shenoy KV**(2021) Dendritic calcium signals in rhesus macaque motor cortex drive an optical brain-computer interface. Datasets on Dryad url
    • O'Shea* DJ, Trautmann* EM, Sun X*, Deisseroth** K, Shenoy KV** (2021) Dendritic calcium signals in rhesus macaque motor cortex drive an optical brain-computer interface. Code on Zenodo url Code on Github url
  • Short interview pieces related to Moses et al. (2021) NEJM article.
    • Moses DA, Metzger SL, Liu JR, Anumanchipalli GK, Makin JG, Sun PF, Chartier J, Dougherty ME, Liu PM, Abrams GM, Tu-Chan A, Ganguly K, Chang EF (2021) Neuroprosthesis for decoding speech in a paralyzed person with anarthria. N Engl J Med. 385:217–227.
    • Hamilton J (7/14/21) All things considered. National Public Radio (NPR)url
    • Winkler R (7/14/21) Brain implant lets man ‘speak’ after being silent for more than a decade. url
  • News pieces regarding the new Attempted Handwriting BCI
    • As introduced and demonstrated in Willett et al. Nature 2021
    • Nature Cover (high res)
    • Selected for highlighting as the May Nature paper in Nature's year-end "365 days highlights from News and Views" (2021) Naturepdf
T5 5/31/2021
Stanford NPTL / BrainGate2 clinical trial participant "T5" using the Attempted Handwriting BCI (not shown on screen in this photo) to copy text, answer questions and compose sentences. 5/31/2021
    • News coverage (selected)
      • Altmetric score (> 4,400) url
      • Bundell S (14 May 2021) Nature Podcasttranscript mp3
      • Altman R (18 May 2021) Krishna Shenoy: How brain-computer connections could end paralysis.  A podcast and SiriusXM satellite radio series brought to you by Stanford School of EngineeringThe Future of Everything. YouTube url
      • Servick K (13 May 2021) Paralyzed person types at record speed -- by imagining handwriting. Scienceurl
        • K Servick (23 Oct 2019) AI allows paralyzed person to 'handwrite' with his mind. Sciencepdf url
      • News (Stanford & HHMI)
        • Rosen M (12 May 2021) Brain computer interface turns mental handwriting into text on screen. Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI). News article. pdf url
          • Overview video (1:40 minutes). url


  • Goldman B (12 May 2021) Software turns 'mental handwriting' into on-screen words, sentences. Stanford University. News article. pdf url
    • Weiler N, Toth A (12 My 2021) Eavesdropping on brain activity turns imagined handwriting to text. Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute, Stanford Universityurl
      • Overview video 1 (2:40 minutes). url
    • Weiler N, Toth A (12 May 2021) Science in Brief: Decoding Text from Brain Activity via Imagined Handwriting. Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute, Stanford Universityurl
      • Overview video 2 (3:19 minutes). url
    • News (selected)
      • Hamilton J (12 May 2021) Man who is paralyzed communicates by imagining handwriting. All Things Considered. National Public Radio (NPR)pdf url
        • Audio (3:25 minutes). mp3
        • Transcript. pdf
      • BBC Radio (27 May 2021)
        • Relevant 7:00 minute segment mp3
        • Relevant 7:00 minute segment runs from 0:22:40 min to 0:29:41 min in the original PodCast. url
      • Tomorrow Transformed, CNN International (2021) mp4
      • Stetka B (12 May 2021) New brain implant turns visualized letters into text. Scientific American. url
      • Timmer J (12 May 2021) Neural implant lets paralyzed person type by imagining writing. arsTECHNICAurl
      • Nick's Notes, with Nick Desai: A Conversation with Dr. Krishna Shenoy, PhD. url
      • Rodriguez A (14 May 2021) After researchers implanted microchips into his brain, a paralyzed man was able to write with his mind. USA Todaypdf url
      • Computer deciphers brain signals of imagined writing. ABCurl
      • Paralyzed man uses his mind to form real-time sentences. CNNurl
      • Brain-computer interface allows paralysed man to write again. BBC Science Focus / PAurl
      • Paralysed man uses 'mindwriting' brain computer to compose sentences. The Guardianurl
      • The Times view on a breakthrough for paralysis: Positive thinking. The Timesurl
      • Brain device translates thoughts directly onto a computer. The Independenturl
      • How to type by just thinking: Microchip inserted in the brain turns thoughts into text. MailOnlineurl
      • Mind over matter: brain chip allows paralysed man to write. AFPurl
      • Dos chips en el cerebro permiten escribir con la mente. El Paisurl
      • Mindwriting, il software che trasforma i pensieri in parole. La Repubblicaurl
      • Mind over matter: brain chip allows paralysed man to write. The Hinduurl
      • Research filter: Mindwriting and what do our ancient poos reveal about our gut bacteria? ABC Ausurl
      • Neurotechnologie Maschinen können jetzt gedanken lesen. Spiegelurl
      • Handschriftlich kommunizieren mit gedankenkraft. Spektrumurl
      • Un paralítico envía mensajes a un récord de 16 palabras por minuto. Gizmodo. url
      • Mental handwriting produces brain activity turned Into text. Neuroscience Newsurl
      • AI lets man with paralysis type by just thinking about handwriting. New Scientisturl
      • New brain-computer interface translates handwritten thoughts into text for paralysis patients. IFLSurl
      • Brain implants turn imagined handwriting into text on a screen. Science Newsurl
      • New device allows man with paralysis to type by imagining handwriting. Smithsonianurl
      • Brain-computer interface user types 90 characters per minute with mind. The Scientisturl
      • Paralysed man ‘handwrites’ with brain chip. Cosmosurl
      • “Mindwriting” technique helps paralyzed patient use brain activity to write. Technology Networksurl
      • Computer deciphers the brain signals of imagined writing. Inside Scienceurl
      • Implanted sensor translates brain signals Into text. Medpage Todayurl
      • Created an interface for typing with the power of thought. Forbesurl
  • Stacey K (3/31/2021) Researchers demonstrate first human use of high-bandwidth wireless brain-computer interface. pdf url
  • Kubota T (2021) Stanford researchers observe decision making in the brain – and influence the outcomes. Stanford News. pdf url


  • Servick K (2020) Controlling monkey brains with light could get easier thanks to open data project. Sciencepdf url
    • News piece regards:  Tremblay S, Acker L, Afraz A, Albaugh DL, Amita H, Andrei AR, Angelucci A, Aschner A, Balan PF, Basso MA, Benvenuti G, Bohlen MO, Caiola MJ, Calcedo R, Cavanaugh J, Chen Y,  Chen S, Chernov MM, Clark AM, Debes SR, Deisseroth K, Desimone R, Dragoi V, Egger SW, Eldridge M, El-Nahal HG, Fabbrini F, Federer F , Fetsch CR, Fortuna MG, Friedman RM, Fujii N, Gail A, Galvan A, Ghosh S, Gieselmann MA, Gulli RA, Hikosaka O, Hosseini EA, Hu X, Hüer J, Inoue K, Janz R, Jazayeri M, Jiang R, Ju N, Kar K, Klein C, Kohn A, Komatsu M, Maeda K, Martinez-Trujillo JC, Matsumoto M, Maunsell JHR, Mendoza-Halliday D, Monosov IE, Muers RS, Nurminen L, Ortiz-Rios M, O’Shea DJ, Palfi S, Petkov CI, Pojoga S, Rajalingham R, Ramakrishnan C, Remington ED, Revsine C, Roe AW, Sabes PN, Saunders R, Scherberger H, Schmid MC, Schultz W, Seidemann E, Senova Y-S, Shadlen MN, Siu C, Smith Y, Solomon SS, Sommer MA, Spudich JL,  Stauffer WR, Takada M, Tang S, Thiele A, Treue S, Vanduffel W, Vogels R, Whitmire MP, Wichmann T, Wurtz RH, Xu H, Yazdan-Shahmorad A,  Shenoy KV, DiCarlo J, Platt ML (2020) An open resource for non-human primate optogenetics. Neuron1075-1090.e6.
    • pdf  url  NHP_Optogenetics_Open_Database
Servick Science 2020
Kelly Servick news piece in Science on our large-scale, Open Science, Open Data effort to share and disseminate optogenetic successes, failures, tools, tips and tricks to help advance the field as efficiently as possible. 2020.
  • 10/29/20 Neurotech Pub Episode 2: "What we've got here is failure to communicate". Hosted by Stanford alum Dr. Matt Angle and featuring NPTL alum Dr. Beata Jarosiewicz, NPSL and NPTL alum Associate Professor Vikash Gilja, NPTL postdoc Dr. Sergey Stavisky and NPTL postdoc Dr. Frank Willett. Paradromics. url
  • 10/13/20 Our Attempted Handwriting BCI project, led by Dr. Frank Willett (Willett, Avansino, Hochberg, Henderson**, Shenoy**), presented "A high-performance handwriting BCI," at the Annual meeting and was recognized with the 1st place in the 2020 Annual BCI Award. It was unveiled during the 9th Graz Brain-Computer Interface Conference! Video submission (YouTube).
Willett BCI 2020 Award Certificate
  • 8/14/20 Abate T (2020) How thoughts could one day control electronic prostheses, wirelessly. Stanford School of Engineering. pdf url
  • 8/11/20 UCLA Samueli Newsroom (2020) Learning vs. doing: How the brain interprets observation and action. pdf url
  • 8/3/20 Abate T (2020) How thoughts could one day control electronic prostheses, wirelessly. Stanford Medicine SCOPE. pdf url
  • 3/25/20 Brain mapping study suggests motor regions for the hand also connect to the entire body. Science Dailyurl
  • 3/4/20 Myers A (2020) A team of scientists explore how the brain trains muscles to move. Stanford Reportpdf url


  • 12/10/19 Rosen M (2019) How to “read” the brain signals underlying human speech. HHMIpdf url
Left to right: Dr. Sergey Stavisky, Professor Krishna Shenoy, Professor Jaimie Henderson
  • 12/10/19 Williams S (2019) Speech Decoded from Brain Activity in Area for Hand Control. The Scientistpdf url
  • 12/10/19 Goldman B (2019) Why we talk with our hands — and how that may help give speech to the speechless. Scope, Stanford Medicine. pdf url
  • K Servick (23 Oct 2019). AI allows paralyzed person to ‘handwrite’ with his mind. Science.doi:10.1126/science.aaz9606 pdf url
Servick Science 2019
Kelly Servick's brief report in Science based on Dr. Frank Willett's poster presentation at the Society for Neurosciences Annual Meeting, October 2019.
  • Lindsay G (1 July 2019) How important is spike sorting? Simons Foundation. pdf ur
Simons ballirina and brains
  • Gao R (31 July 2019) Searching for the Hidden Factors Underlying the Neural Code. pdf url
  • Myers A (20 June 2019) Could prosthetic limbs one day be controlled by human thought? Stanford University, School of Engineeringpdf url
  • Abbassi J (12 February 2019) Advanced brain-computer interface for people with paralysis. News & Analysis, Journal of the American Medical Associationpdf


  • Peixoto D, Verhein J (2018) A step toward mind reading: Decoding perceptual decisions as they unfold. Simons Foundation. pdf url
  • Goldman B (4 December 2018) Patients with paralysis use brain signals to operate a tablet. pdf
  • Lindsey G (26 October 2018) Noise-cancelling method enhances ability to predict behavior from brain activity. pdf url
  • The Andrew Carnegie Prize in Mind and Brain Science Lecture (18 October 2018).  "Established by the Carnegie Corporation of New York as part of its centennial celebration, the The Carnegie Prize in Mind and Brain Science recognizes trailblazers in the brain and behavioral sciences whose research has helped advance the field and its applications. Each year, the winner is invited to Carnegie Mellon University's campus to deliver a scientific talk and they are presented with an original piece of artwork commissioned from artist Greg Dunn. The prize also awards a one-year graduate fellowship to a CMU student, who will typically have the opportunity to visit the recipient's lab." Press release

Brain Machine Interface Microetching
Brain Machine Interface
Commissioned for Krishna on the occasion of receiving the 2018 Andrew Carnegie Prize in Mind and Brain Science from CMU. 22K gold handmade gilded microetching, #1 (in the edition of 10), 24″ X 32″, framed in a dark wood moulding with antireflective glass, by Greg Dunn and Brian Edwards
K Lecture Hall
K & Monk Instructed Delay Task
K Lecture
K Lecture 2
K & Rob Kass
  • Milton J (18 April 2018) Inscopix Podcast: Krishna Shenoy and brain-machine interfaces. url
  • Morris A (15 Feb 2018) Study explores how to master a skill you've only practiced in your mind. Forbes. pdf url
  • Collins N (15 Feb 2018) Mental rehearsal prepares our minds for realworld action. Stanford researcherspdf url
  • Stacey K (24 Jan 2018) People with tetraplegia gain rapid use of brain-computer interface. Brown University Newspdf url
  • Palmer A (6 Jan 2018) The next frontier: When thoughts control machines. Economistpdf url


  • Martin G (15 June 2017) Did something jostle my arm? My neurons need a moment. Stanford University / School of Engineeringpdf url
  • Wise C and Woodruff J (15 March 2017) Typing sentences simply by thinking is possible with new technology. PBS News Hour.
    • Video: PBS News Hour, on YouTube, and in .mov
    • Judy Woodruff (PBS News Hour) and a Stanford BrainGate participant, opening sequence
PBS News Hour 2017
Judy Woodruff and the PBS News Hour segment on Pandarinath*, Nuyujukian* et al. (2017) eLife.
  • Hickman K (21 February 2017) A three minute video overview by Stanford News Service on Pandarinath*, Nuyujukian* et al. (2017) eLife Video: below, on YouTube, and in  .mp4

Krishna Shenoy and Point Reyes Lighthouse, 4/19/2017
Krishna Shenoy and Point Reyes Lighthouse, 4/19/2017
  • Goldman B (21 February 2017) Brain-computer interface advance allows fast, accurate typing by people with paralysis. Stanford Report / Stanford Medical Report. pdf url

Prof. Jaimie Henderson and Prof. Krishna Shenoy in Krishna's James H. Clark Center office, 2/9/2017
Prof. Jaimie Henderson and Prof. Krishna Shenoy in Krishna's James H. Clark Center office,

Krishna Shenoy in James H. Clark Center office, 2/9/2017
Prof. Jaimie Henderson, 2/9/2017
Prof. Jaimie Henderson, 2/9/2017
  • Svoboda E (21 February 2017) Listening in on the brain: A 15-year odyssey. Stanford Report / Stanford Medical Report. pdf url

Participant T6
Stanford NPTL / BrainGate2 clinical trial participant "T6" using a 2D + click BCI to type answers to question and to compose sentences.
  • Makin S (21 February 2017) Brain–Computer Interface Allows Speediest Typing to Date -- A new interface system allowed three paralyzed individuals to type words up to four times faster than the speed that had been demonstrated in earlier studies. Scientific Americanpdf url

  • 1/17-20/2017 World Economic Forum, Davis-Klosters, Switerland. Talk. YouTube video link

  • Strickland E (21 February 2017) New record: paralyzed man uses brain implant to type eight words per minute. IEEE Spectrumpdf url


  • Akst D (30 September 2016) Could we type just with brain waves? Wall Street Journalpdf

  • Adams A (12 September 2016) Brain-sensing technology allows typing at 12 words per minute. Stanford Reportpdf

  • Platoni K (22 January 2016) A bright approach to brain implants. Wall Street Journalpdf


  • Nov-Dec 2015 Mind 'reading': Brain-controlled prostheses get a boost. Stanford Magazine. pdf

  • Kresge N (Fall 2015) Problem solvers. HHMI Bulletin. 28:22-29. pdf

  • Strickland E (28 September 2015) Neural implant enables paralyzed ALS patient to type six words per minute. IEEE Spectrumpdf

  • Lewis T (28 September 2015) Two people with paralysis just controlled a computer cursor with their minds. Business Insider. pdf

  • Requarth T (10 September 2015) Thought-controlled technology improves thanks to motor cortex findings. Simons Foundationpdf url

  • Abate T (3 August 2015) Stanford team's brain-controlled prosthesis nearly as good as one-finger typing. Stanford Reportpdf url

  • Ostrov B (23 June 2015) Research sheds light on how neurons control muscle movement. Stanford Medicinepdf url

  • Keeley J (19 May 2015) HHMI selects 26 of the nation's top biomedical scientists. HHMIpdf-1 pdf-2

HHMI new investigators 2015
HHMI announces new Investigators, 5/19/2015
Left to right: Ms. Mackenzie Risch, Professor Krishna Shenoy, Mr. Eric Trautmann and Adjunct Professor Stephen Ryu, MD
Left to right: Adjunct Professor Stephen Ryu, MD, Mr. Eric Trautmann, Professor Krishna Shenoy, Ms. Mackenzie Risch and Mr. Dan O'Shea
Krishna and Mackenzie
  • Abate T, Conger K (19 May 2015) Krishna Shenoy and Joanna Wysocka named HHMI Investigators. School of Engineeringpdf School of Medicinepdf

  • Rae-Dupree J, Abate T (5 May 2015) Stanford engineers observe the moment when a mind is changed. Stanford School of Engineeringpdf


  • 29 August 2014 Sergey Stavisky receives "BRAIN Best Paper Award" (1st place) for his conference paper

    • Stavisky SD, Kao JC, Nuyujukian P, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2014) Hybrid decoding of both spike and low-frquency local field potentials for brain-machine interfaces. Proc. of the 36th Annual International Conference IEEE EMBS. Chicago, IL. 3041-3044pdf

Prof. Bruce Wheeler and Mr. Sergey Stavisky
Prof. Bruce Wheeler congratulating Mr. Sergey Stavisky for winning best paper award, 8/29/2014
  • Professor Bruce Wheeler (IEEE EMBS President) congratulating Sergey D. Stavisky

  • Abate T (5 February 2014) Stanford researchers discover how parts of the brain work together, or alone. Stanford School of Engineeringpdf

  • Abate T (28 January 2014) Stanford researchers reveal more about how our brains control our arms. Stanford Reportpdf

Cora Ames 2014
Cora Ames at her desk in the James H. Clark Center, 2014
  • Abate T (24 January 2014) Researchers reveal more about how our brains control our arms. Stanford Medicinepdf


  • Hennessy J (Nov-Dec 2013) A Cauldron of Innovation. Stanford Magazinepdf

  • Abate T (8 November 2013) Stanford researchers surprised to find how neural circuits zero in on the specific information needed for decisions. Stanford Reportpdf url

  • 2013 NSF-IGERT short video on neuroscience of reach planning and generation. Winning entry of the Public Choice and Community Choice awards. EM Trautmann, KC Ames, N Maheswaranathan, DJ O'Shea, SD Stavisky. video

  • Distinguished Alumnus Award at the University of California at Irvine 42nd Annual Lauds and Laurels Awards ceremony(16 May 2013)

  • Miller G (27 February 2013) The wildly ambitious quest to build a mind-controlled exoskeleton by 2014. Wired. pdf url


  • Mitchell G (27 November 2012) Thought controlled cursors. BBC World Service -- "Click"url

  • Perlman D (26 November 2012) Stanford: Monkeys' thoughts moves cursor. San Francisco Chroniclepdf url

  • Serveck K (18 November 2012) Stanford researchers advance the performance of thought-controlled computer cursors. Stanford Reportpdf urlmovie.avi

Left to right: Dr. Vikash Gilja, Professor Krishna Shenoy, Mr. Paul ​​​​​​Nuyujukian
Left to right: Dr. Vikash Gilja, Professor Krishna Shenoy, Mr. Paul
  • Johnson C (26 July 2012) Boston scientists alter behavior in monkeys using light. Boston Globeurl pdf

  • Hamilton J (19 July 2012) How you move your arm says something about who you are. National Public Radio (All Things Considered)url pdf transcript pdf audio mp

  • Columbia University Medical Center Newsroom (8 June 2012) Neural rhythms drive reahing movements. pdf and url

  • Myers A (6 June 2012) Stanford engineers discover neural rhythms drive physical movement. Stanford Reportpdf and url

Left to right: Dr. John Cunningham, Associate Professor Krishna Shenoy, Dr. Mark Churchland, 2011
  • Carr L (5 June 2012) The neural rhythms that drive your body. The Atlanticpdf and url

  • Staff (3 June 2012) A different drummer: Engineers discover neural rhythms drive physical movement. Science Dailypdf and url

  • Purdy MC (3 June 2012) Rhythmic firing of nerve cells involved in body's movements. Washington University in Saint Louis, Newsroompdf and url

  • Myers A (3 June 2012) A different drummer: Stanford engineers discover neural rhythms drive physical movement. Stanford University School of Engineering home page. pdf and url

  • Chorost M (30 March 2012) A true bionic limb remains far out of reach. Wiredpdf url


  • Lewis T (11 Nov 2011) Stanford joins BrainGate team developing brain-computer interface to aid people with paralysis. Stanford Medicine pdf and url

  • Myers A (15 Aug 2011) Blink of an eye: Stanford researchers are redefining how the brain plans movement. Stanford Reporpdf

  • Gaidos S (2 July 2011) Mind-controlled. Science Newspdf

Science News 2011
Science News cover, 7/2/2011
  • Schoonover CE, Rabinowitz A (17 May 2011) Control desk for the neural switchboard. New York Timespdf


  • Platoni K (Nov 2010) New light on the brain. Stanford Magazinepdf

  • Bergeron L (8 Nov 2010) Stanford scientists see the logic in the illogical behavior of neurons. Stanford Report. pdf

  • Staff (9 June 2010) Faculty honored for showing postdoctoral scholars the ropes. Stanford Reportpdf

Mark and Krishna
Dr. Mark Churchland and Associate Prof. Krishna Shenoy at Mark's desk in the James H. Clark Center, 5/21/2010
  • Allday (10 May 2010) Stanford team seeks detours to fix brain damage. San Francisco Chroniclepdf

  • Drummond K (10 May 2010) DARPA exploring implants to treat brain injuries. Wiredpdf

  • Buchen L (6 May 2010) Illuminating the brain. Naturepdf

  • Orenstein D (4 May 2010) New Stanford-led program aims to produce insights into brain injury, recovery. Stanford Reportpdf


  • Leuty R (24 Sept 2009) UCSF, Stanford win NIH science stimulus awards. San Francisco Business Timespdf

  • Richter R (23 Sept 2009) Stanford nabs 13 top NIH awards for high-stakes research. url pdf


  • N/A


  • Orenstein D (17 Jan 2007) On the golf tee or the pitcher's mound, brain dooms motion to inconsistency. Stanford Reportpdf


  • Swaminathan N (21 Dec 2006) Why you can't shoot the same foul shot twice. Scientific Americanurl

  • Health Section (21 Dec 2006) Tests reveal 'hit and miss' brain. BBC Newsur

  • Lichtman F (21 Dec 2006) Would you have guessed... National Public Radio (Science Friday) newsurl

Krishna Shenoy and Sandstone
Assistant Prof. Krishna Shenoy and Stanford University sandstone, 8/14/2005
  • New Scientist staff & AFB (21 Dec 2006) Practice may not make perfect after all. New Scientisturl

  • Hall J (21 Dec 2006) Why practice can't make perfect. Toronto Starurl

  • Warner J (21 Dec 2006) Brain wired for improv, not perfection. WebMD Medical Newsurl

  • HealthDay News (21 Dec 2006) Brain is not wired for consistency. Forbesur

  • Bergeron L (26 July 2006) Study improves potential of using brainpower to move prostheses. Stanford Reportpdf

Left to right: Mr. Afsheen Afshar (MD-PhD, in EE, student), Assistant Prof. Krishna Shenoy, Mr. Byron Yu (EE PhD student) and Mr. Gopal Santhanam (EE PhD student). Other author (not shown) Dr. Stephen Ryu, MD (Stanford Neurosurgery Resident and NPSL postdoc 2002-2004).
  • Bergeron L (26 July 2006) Stanford team advances performance of "brain-computer interface" for paralyzed patients. Stanford School of Engineering. url pdf

  • Pollack A (12 July 2006) Man uses chip to control robot with thoughts. New York Timesurl

  • Palca J (14 July 2006) Small Movements: New devices help the paralyzed. National Public Radio, Talk of the Nation, Science Fridayurl transcript pdf audio mp3​​​

  • Science and Technology Section (13 July 2006) Converting thought into action. The Economisturl

  • Biever C (12 July 2006) Brain-implant enables mind over matter. New Scientisturl

  • Russell S (13 July 2006) Quadriplegic's mind able to control matter. San Francisco Chronicleurl

  • Lyons J (13 July 2006) Implants lets disabled man use his brain to do tasks. San Jose Mercury Newsurl

  • Singer E (13 July 2006) Brain chips give paralyzed patients new powers. MIT Technology Reviewurl

  • Vergano D (12 July 2006) Brain sensor helps people do tasks. USA Todayurl

  • Morin H (15 July 2006) Un tétraplégique américain transmet ses pensées à un ordinateur. Le Mondeurl

  • Johnson C (12 July 2006) 'Brain Machine' could help paralyzed. KGO-ABC-TV (San Francisco)url

  • Biello D (13 July 2006) Tiny chip converts parapelegic's thought into action. Scientific Americanurl

  • DeNoon DJ (12 July 2006) Moving things with mind power. CBS Newsurl

  • Reuters (12 July 2006) Paralyzed man masters thought control. MSNBCur

  • HealthDay News (12 July 2006) Brain-computer link aids paralyzed patient. Forbesurl


Sally Ride
Assistant Prof. Krishna Shenoy in Lab (Dr. Mark Churchland's 'Rig 1') in the RAF at Stanford, 2003.
  • Bains S (2005) Mind over matter. IEE Reviewpdf


  • Landhuis E (2004) "Mental agility" research could help paraplegics. San Jose Mercury News. url


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  • Benson E (28 Nov 2001) Engineer studies advances in recovery of paralyzed patients. Stanford Reporturl pdf

    Krishna Shenoy and Paul G. Allen Building, 9/15/2001
    Krishna Shenoy and Paul G. Allen Building, 9/15/2001
Krishna Shenoy and NPSL RAF Lab being built, 11/28/2001